Bad Faith

Bad Faith (in Latin «mala fides») — «недобросовестность» — is a generic term that describes dishonest dealing. Depending on context, bad faith may mean a dishonest purpose, a fraudulent intent or malicious refusal to perform a duty or contractual obligation.

Russian law, athough frequently uses the word, does not define it. It seems that here bad faith is equated with abuse of rights (article 10 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation).

Recent changes to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation suggest that a legal right used with bad faith is not only unenforceable but can constitute a delict (tort). Good faith, however, is presumed.