Beyond a Reasonable Doubt

Beyond a reasonable doubt — «отсутствие обоснованного сомнения» — is the standard of proof used in criminal trials to find a defendant guilty of a crime. When a criminal defendant is prosecuted, the prosecutor must prove the defendant’s guilt «beyond a reasonable doubt». A reasonable doubt exists when a juror cannot say with moral certainty that a person is guilty.

Russian law, amazingly enough, does not have the concept of a standard of proof, reasonable doubt or beyond a reasonable doubt. Nor does it seem to distinguish between standards of proof in criminal and civil cases. Moreover, the facts established in a civil case will, usually, be admitted as being true in a criminal case and vice versa.