Embezzlement is fraudulent misappropriation of property by someone to whom it was entrusted. It is different from swindling since the latter involves obtaining property under false pretences, such as a lie or a trick. In embezzlement the wrongdoer has the right to possess the property.

The term «embezzlement» is translated into Russian as «присвоение» when the defendant keeps the property and as «растрата» when he or she transfers it to a third party. Both are crimes (art. 160 of the Criminal Code).